What are synonyms for Bridewealth? Murdock, George Peter. Pretorius, Henk. 312 (CURRENT ANTHROPOLOGY bridewealth as an advance payment for services or as a lease of the service provider whereby wife takers experi- ence benefits that exceed costs. Typically, "these payments balance a transfer of rights over the wife's sexuality, work services, residence, and fertility" (Keesing 1981 : 508). There are three aims of Cultural Anthropology and the glossary that accompanies it: First, it is intended to be a supplementary text in cultural anthropology classes where an brideprice and bridewealth. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press. Knauft's analysis of the Gebusi's kinship ties led him to discover the relationship between sister exchanges and sorcery accusations. Gary Ferraro & Susan Andreatta, Cultural Anthropology , 8th edn. Examples/ definitions with source references "Bridewealth is the widespread custom that requires a man and/or his relatives to transfer wealth to the relatives of his bride. When bridewealth was paid, and where customary law coexists with modern law, children's custody is often given to the father and his family, as bridewealth is also meant to secure the products of women's fertility. Atlas of World Cultures. Antonyms for Bridewealth. Department of Sociology & Anthropology Material culture is a term used in archaeology and other anthropology-related fields to refer to all the corporeal, tangible objects that are created, used, kept and left behind by past and present cultures. Humanity - an introduction to cultural anthropology (9th edition, 2009, Wadsworth) … Bride price, bridewealth, or bride token, is money, property, or other form of wealth paid by a groom or his family to the family of the woman he will be married to or is just about to marry. Bridewealth For a Goddess West, Paige 2002-03-01 00:00:00 Barnard College Columbia University Bridewealth for a Goddess is as much about the practice of doing anthropology as it is about the performance of rituals in the Western Highlands Province of Papua New Guinea. Concordia University WEB MONTREAL. Material culture refers to objects that are used, lived in, displayed and experienced; and the terms includes all the things people make, including tools, pottery, houses, furniture, buttons, roads, … The practice of paying bridewealth maintains cultural importance in a number of contemporary societies where it persists not only in rural areas, but in urban settings as well, including in the marital unions of the well-educated middle and upper class. Design, Anthropology and Diaspora Digital Anthropology Disability and Deaf Studies and Anthropology Douglas, Mary Drake, St. Clair Dreaming Durkheim and the Anthropology of Religion Economic Anthropology Embodied/Virtual Environments Embodiment In view of the research project we are currently conducting on bridewealth in Solomon Islands, we put an emphasis on manifestations of the practice in the Pacific and in the Solomon Islands. The debate about bridewealth in the 21st century is not only a question of gender, sexuality, marital exchange and power, but also a question of modernization, cultural practice, and cultural identity. way of organizing production - a set of social relations through … High Bridewealth, Migrant Labour and the Position of Women in Lesotho - Volume 21 Issue 1 - Colin Murray. Created. Domesti… The Code of Hammurabi details this practice in ancient Mesopotamia, the books of Genesis and Exodus dictate regulations for the payment of Moha (from the groom to the bride's father) and passages from the Iliad and the Odyssey suggest that bridewealth was a custom in Homeric Greece. Cultural Anthropology book is an introduction to cultural anthropology. 04/01/2009. Among the 563 cultures listed in Murdock's World Atlas of Cultures (1981), 226 practice bridewealth. Critiques of Bridewealth: Constraints on Women. That people value ‘people’ over ‘things’ is argued often by anthropologists, but how people value specific forms and qualities of relations as they do in the example of bridewealth is less so. Cultural Anthropology: A Contemporary Perspective. Fanie Fourie's Lobola. In some societies, this increase may lead young men to take out loans, often equivalent to several years' salary, and in extreme cases, to steal in order to satisfy the demands of their bride's families (for example, the rising problem of "cattle rustling" correlated to bridewealth demands in countries like Kenya and South Sudan). Cultural anthropologists also do systematic comparisons of similar cultures. Though proponents of the practice often argue that the practice is not akin to 'selling daughters' and even though the terminology associated with the practice in native languages does not always connote economic exchange, some critics maintain that bridewealth is associated with the commodification of women, and encourages men's conceptions of having 'bought' a woman. (10) Neither bridewealth, the money used to arrange marriage, nor wergeld (or "bloodwealth"), the money presented to the family of a murder victim so as to prevent or resolve a blood-feud, is a form of payment or compensation. n.d.1. Bridewealth, also called bride-price or marriage payment, payment made by a groom or his kin to the kin of the bride in order to ratify a marriage. In many of these societies, when the girl marries, she leaves her parents' family, and sometimes her village, and continues her life in her husband's village or family (virilocality). n. See bride price. New search | ... Nuosu on-going and dynamic negotiation and engagement with state definitions of ethnicity and legitimacy has thus led to the reification of the state as an interlocutor at the most local level and in core events of Nuosu's daily life, importantly the practice of bridewealth. However, increasingly globalized market economies inform the commodities in contemporary exchanges, which can consist of cash, practical necessities and tools, as well as luxury goods. Test your South African English! Bridewealth: payments made to the bride’s family by the groom’s family before marriage. Copyright © 2016 The term ‘brideprice’ is rarely used now because of the implication that the woman is being purchased. Bridewealth and Its Correlates. ... “Anthropology and Apartheid: The Work of South African Anthropologists”, in Fortes, M. and Patterson, S., eds., Studies in African Social Anthropology, London, 1975. Thomas Barfield. 1 word related to bride price: gift. Clan: a group of people who have a general notion of common descent that is not attached to a specific biological ancestor. The inflation in bridewealth … Bilateral descent: descent is recognized through both the father and the mother’s sides of the family. There are no firm rules prohibiting interaction between classes. [...] The term bridewealth is well chosen because the goods transferred are usually among the most valuable symbols of wealth in the local culture." Class refers to a category of persons who have about the same opportunity to obtain economic resources, power and prestige. Bridewealth is said to establish strong social bonds by opening kinship roads between the families of the bride and the groom and to formalize an alliance between different clans. Critiques of Bridewealth: Constraints on Men. But an emerging consensus of … In addition, in the event a woman seeks divorce in a union where bridewealth was paid, her family is generally obligated to reimburse the bridewealth either in full or in part. Bride price definition, (in some nonindustrial societies) the money or goods given to the family of a bride by the bridegroom or his family. Bride Wealth. anthropology ; Chinese studies ; development studies ; social policy ; Asian studies. by the group of a man to the group of a woman as one of the concrete obligations of the union, For, whatever else they may be, cattle, spears, goats, arrows, pots, labor, etc., have an eco-. Rather, I question the utility of excluding consideration of the spe- cifics of contemporary conditions in the study of adaptive variation in behavioural expression (see Borgerhoff Mulder et al. For today's lesson on how marriage is often arranged through economic transactions, like bride price and dowry, I'll use a little story from my past. The anthropologist Roger Keesing defined bridewealth as "[m]arriage payments from the husband and his kin to the bride's kin." 1981. Definition of Culture. Essentially this means that bridewealth marriages are those in which the groom (and often his family) remit a payment in some form to the bride's family in order to officialize a marriage. These payments were traditionally made in the form of valuables (e.g. https://encyclopedia2.thefreedictionary.com/brideprice+and+bridewealth, Dictionary, Encyclopedia and Thesaurus - The Free Dictionary, the webmaster's page for free fun content. The timing and reasons for going to broad spectrum collecting and food production. All content on this website, including dictionary, thesaurus, literature, geography, and other reference data is for informational purposes only. shell valuables in the Pacific, cattle in most parts of Africa and livestock and jewelry in many countries of Asia). Bride price, also referred to as “bride wealth,” is the most common of these, occurring in approximately 44% of all societies that have explicit forms of marital economic transactions. Bridewealth, or more specifically the relevance of practicing bridewealth, is the subject of television and radio programs, feature length films (for example, Fanie Furie's Lobola), magazines, Websites and blogs, in addition to being a cause taken up by a number of non-profit organizations globally (e.g. MIFUMI). See more. Define bride wealth. The anthropologist Roger Keesing defined bridewealth as " [m]arriage payments from the husband and his kin to the bride's kin." ( dowries ) Payment, as property or money, of a bride’s inheritance by her family to the groom or his family at the time of marriage. Term *Agriculture was independently invented around the world at the same time: Definition. See definitions & examples. Though many individuals in communities where bridewealth is practiced value the custom as a method for linking families, as a demonstration of a potential husband's ability to provide for a woman's future and more generally as a material expression of the value of women in their societies, the practice is criticized by many. Level. New York: Holt, Rinehart, and Winston. ( ANTHROPOLOGY) a payment from the groom's kin to the bride's kin at marriage. Rethinking Anthropology. Further critiques of bridewealth argue that the practice not only condones, but encourages domestic violence and a hindering of women's agency, especially in the case of divorce and the custody of children issued from a marriage. For cultures that embrace bridewealth, divorce is only recognized once the family of the groom acknowledges the return of the bridewealth (Callan, Street & Underdown, 2013). ... 13. The inflation of bridewealth payments and the increasing monetarization of the practice are often the source of household debts. (London School of Economics, Monographs on Social Anthropology, No. Essentially this means that bridewealth marriages are those in which the groom (and often his family) remit a payment in some form to the bride's family in order to officialize a marriage. Some … Term. It is also understood as a form of compensation for the loss of labor, productive and reproductive, the bride's family incurs when she marries and moves out. Mode of production: Definition. These Foreign Words And Phrases Are Now Used In English. Adaptive strategies: Definition. Many speak of bridewealth as a token of respect for the girl and her family, and a form of appreciation for the hard work they put into raising her. Maiden, MA: Blackwell, 1997. What is bridewealth? Click here to study/print these flashcards ... Cards Return to Set Details. 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