Now, you know what Purana is and how many Puranas are there. 10 Major Differences Between Valmiki Ramayana and Tulsidas Ramcharitmanas, 10 Misunderstood Things about Goddess Kali, Six are Satvic or Vaishnava Puranas which glorify Lord Vishnu, Six are Rajasic or Brahma Puranas which glorify Lord Brahma, The remaining (Six) are Tamasic or Shiva Puranas and glorify Lord Shiva, Karmic links that exist between the Deities, Sages, Kings and living beings, Six are referred as Satvic Puranas which glorify Lord Vishnu\, Six are termed as Tamasic and glorify Lord Shiva, Vamsa (mythical genealogy of the gods, sages, and kings), Vamśānucaritam (it presents the legends which happened during the times of various kings), Śravaṇa (It refers to the “listening” of the scriptural stories of Krishna and his companions), Kirtana (praising the Lord, usually refers to ecstatic group singing), Archana (worshiping an image of Lord Vishnu), Atma-nivedana (complete surrender of the self). They offer vivid descriptions of Hindu cosmology and geography. Some of its chapters focus on Advaita Vedanta philosophy. let noble thoughts come form all sides - Rig Vedha - I - 89 - i let noble thoughts come form all sides - Rig Vedha - I - 89 - i. Puranas for Lord Vishnu (Sattva Guna):1. It discusses ethics and guest hospitality. However, it also refers to and reveres all Gods. Vamsha – This particular subject is the description about the history of the sages.4. And, in Upa-puranas, there are another version of puranas with the similar name as appear in maha Puranas. Skanda Purana is part of Shaivite literature. 2. 14. Plus, it also includes chapters that are centered on Shiva and Shakti. It has been named after the tortoise avatar of Lord Vishnu. There are 18 Puranas There are 27 Puranas There are 36 Puranas 6. asked Sep 7 at 7:16. bhatnagar prakhar. Matsya Purana – This Purana provides details about the construction of the temples and provides description about the Vamana and Varaha kalpas. It is written in the Sanskrit language. However, it does not adore Krishna in Mathura-related section. However, some scholars believe that it was composed around 400 – 300 BCE. The Kurma Purana contains as much as 17000 verses. In fact, the Puranas contain a wealth of information on yogic practices as well as different branches of spiritual practice. Write detailed comment, relevant to the topic. According to the literatures available there are totally 18 puranas available in hindu religion that describes about the greatness of Lord Shiva, Lord Vishnu and Lord Brahma. It also includes legends about Brahma and Saraswati. There are 18 Maha Puranas (Great Puranas) and 18 Upa Puranas (Minor Puranas), with over 400,000 verses. The Puranas are ancient and very important religious texts belonging to the Hindu, Jain and Buddhist pantheons.These consist largely of narratives about the history of the universe and its numerous epochs or cycles from creation to destruction, genealogies of kings, heroes, sages, and demigods. However, there are about 19 main ones about to the main Hindu deities like Agni, Vayu, Vishnu, Shiva and Brahma. Description about Vedangas is also given in Brahmanda Purana. 1answer 47 views Scriptural verses that assign masculinity and femininity to varnas. Together they contain over 400,000 verses (slokas). Read Amar Chitra Katha’s first-ever serialized digital release Mahadeva – Stories from the Shiva Purana. పురాణాలు పేర్లు వాటి సంఖ్య తెలుసా ? Puranas are considered as one of the most ancient Indian literature about Hinduism. It is a Sanskrit text that discusses Lingam, the symbol of Shiva, and the origin of the Universe. It describes how Vishnu, Shiva, and Brahma collaborate. It contains almost 25,000 verses. 3. So, it turns out to be a Tirtha-focused Purana. Garuda Purana contains totally 19,000 verses. The earliest version of Skanda Purana existed by the 6th Century CE. The text also presents Vedic ideas and metaphysical thought. Another text, the Vayu Purana covers information about Pratyahara (withdrawal of the senses), Dharana (concentration) and Dhyana (meditation). It also contains the description about the Salagrama. There are eighteen “major” Puranas and innumerable other works usually referred to as “minor” Puranas—a vast range of scriptural sources, and in truth there is virtually no one in the world today who can claim to be well-versed even in the eighteen major works. It has been estimated that the original text may have been composed between the 5th and 10th century CE. The earliest Puranas, composed perhaps between 350 and 750 ce , are the Brahmanda , Devi , Kurma , Markandeya , Matsya , Vamana , Varaha , Vayu , and Vishnu . The Brahma Purana contains 10,000 verses. All the Puranas are described and created in such a way to give descriptions on five different subjects. Vamana Purana – It Contains the story of Lord Trivikrama.Vamana Purana contains totally 10,000 verses.12. Its earliest core dates back to the 4th-century CE. The Skanda Purana is thoroughly encyclopedic in nature. 18 Puranas. Narada gave the sermon to the various rishis present in Naimisaranya, on the Gomati River. The difference between Upa Puranas and Maha Puranas has been explained by Rajendra Hazra as, "a Maha Purana is well known, and that what is less well known becomes an Upa Purana". It has Puranic Myths, and so it falls in the Puranic category. Markandeya Purana contains totally 9,000 verses10. The Vishnu Purana contains almost 23,000 verses. However, some other Puranas (such as the Bhagavata Purana) contains five more characteristics thereby making a list to 10. Absolutely no spam allowed. Bhavishya Purana is a major Purana literature of Hinduism that has been written in Sanskrit. It is a Sanskrit text of Hinduism. The original text was composed in Sanskrit. It is said that one who has experienced the nectar of its “Rasa” never desires for anything else. Moreover, the Vamana Purana serves as a travel guide to many Shiva related places in India. There are also many other works termed Purana, known as 'Upapuranas.' Srimad Bhagavata Purana teaches nine primary forms of bhakti: So, the Bhagavatam contains the essence of all Vedanta philosophy as it is related to the Absolute Truth. The Brahma Purana has also borrowed passages from other Hindu Texts such as Mahabharata and Puranas such as Vishnu and Vayu. Markandeya Purana – It contains the stories of Rama and Krishna together. They are easy to follow and very interesting indeed. It’s a voluminous Sanskrit text and of the major Maha Puranas of Hinduism. Bhavisya Purana – It contains the devotional service along with the glories and prediction of Lord Chaitanya. There are 18 main Puranas and an equal number of subsidiary Puranas or Upa-Puranas and many 'sthala' or regional Puranas. Brahmanda Purana is encyclopedic in nature and covers topics such as cosmogony, genealogy, Dharma (ethics and duties), Yoga, geography, administration, good government, trade, and festivals. Puranas offer shelter to people who seek to conquer the darkest region of material existence. The Puranas endeavor to bring people closer to the Gods. Now, we take up and answer some of the important questions that you have always wanted to know about Puranas. Of the 18 major texts, six are Sattvic Puranas glorifying Vishnu; six are Rajasic and glorifying Brahma; and six are Tamasic and they glorifying Shiva. Kurma Purana is considered an important Vaishnavism text of Hinduism. The Purana explains the Glory of Janardhana and Lord Nrismhadeva. Manvantara – This explains about the period of Manu and description about Manu. Puranas are encyclopedic and cover various topics including cosmogony, cosmology, folk tales, pilgrimages, theology, medicine, temples, grammar, philosophy, astronomy, and even the genealogies of Gods, Goddesses, Kings, Heroes, Sages, and Demigods. He is Krishna Dvaipayana, the son of Parasara. He is also known by different names such as Kartikeya or Murugan. Its Gita is called as Ishvaragita wherein Lord Shiva presents ideas similar to those in the Bhagwad Gita. It has large sections dedicated to Vishnu as well as many sections of Shiva and Shakti. It is one of the major Puranas. What we see in the Puranas is the journey of Hindu thought across the sub-continent, gathering ideas and absorbing practices from many communities in towns, villages and forests. In Vedas, you don’t find any history. Naradiya Purana – This Purana explaning about various places and description about Jagannatha Puri, Dwaraka, Bhadrinatha and various other Places will be given. List and description of 18 Puranas in Hindu religionThe Puranas are 18 in number and in the first 6 Puranas Lord Vishnu is the predominating deity and in the next 6 Puranas Lord Brahma is the predominating deity and in the last 6 Puranas Lord Shiva is the predominating deity and all the Puranas are written in such a way that which gives wonderful explanation in a poetry manner. Bhagavata (18,000 verses) – The most celebrated and popular of the Puranas, telling of Vishnu’s ten Avatars. It contains almost 383 chapters. We have answered some of the most important questions related to Puranas. Padma Purana contains as much as 55,000 verses. Brahma Purana – It contains the details about the Purushottama Tirtha in the second part and the details about the life and deeds of Rama and Krishna in the first part.Brahma Purana contains totally 10,000 verses.Puranas of Lord Shiva (Tamo Guna)13. 5. It contains the essence of all the Vedanta literature. Puranas (Sanskrit: पुराण Purāna, “of ancient times”) is a Sanskrit word. It relates to one of the main cosmological theories of Hinduism, namely the “cosmic egg” (Brahma-Anda). It has been estimated that the text was completed between 10th to 12 century. Its first part is called Brahmaparvan. Agni Purana – It provides the description about Isana Kalpa. Vishnu Purana is the oldest of the eighteen Puranas. Brahmanda Purana – This Brahmanda Purana provides description about Adi Kalpa. It glorifies Lord Vishnu as well as Shiva. Religious literature such as Vedas and Puranas attempt to bring human being closer to God and re-establish their forgotten relation with God. So, please leave your feedback. They are1. It discusses the Four Vedas and the Six Vedangas. There are several Holy Scriptures of the Hindus among them are the Vedas, Upanishads & the Puranas. It is a school of thought that is much appreciated by religious scholars. However, the text has been widely edited spread over many centuries thereby creating numerous variants. Its final chapter goes on to discuss how to practice Yoga. This is a strictly moderated site. The last part describes festivals that are related to various Hindu Gods and Goddesses, as well as their Tithi (dates on the lunar calendar). The Puranas are 18 in number and in the first 6 Puranas Lord Vishnu is the predominating deity and in the next 6 Puranas Lord Brahma is the predominating deity and in the last 6 Puranas Lord Shiva is the predominating deity and all the Puranas are written in such a way that which gives wonderful explanation in a poetry manner. Home It impartially covers all these aspects without emphasizing one particular theology. Markandeya Purana is regarded as one of the oldest of Puranas. | How Many Puranas in Telugu .శ్లో|| మద్వయం భద్వయం చైవ బ్ర త్రయం వ చతుష్టయమ్ |అ - నా - ప - లిం - గ - కూ - స్కాని ॥ They contain the essence of spiritual teachings and complex yogic philosophies of the ancient Vedic texts. We welcome your comments. Now, we tell you about each of the Maha Puranas. Much like other Puranas, the Kurma Purana also includes legends, mythology, Tirtha (pilgrimage), geography, theology as well as philosophical Gita. Later on, they were written down, probably between 800 BCE and 500 BCE. It is more of a travel guide and includes sections of diverse topics. The list of 18 Puranas are as follows along with the verses that are available in each Purana along with the description. Moreover, it is a Purana related to Shaivism, Vaishnavism, Shaktism, and Smartism. It describes Hindu cosmology and geography. Most importantly, Mahabharata is a history based mythological, religious scripture. Matsya Purana contains totally 14,000 verses. Varaha Purana also describes different Vratas. Markandeya Purana contains as much as 9000 verses. In fact, the first Purana was compiled between the 3rd and 10th centuries C.E. I am now telling you the names of the Purânas, etc., exactly as 1 have heard from Veda Vyâsa, the son of Satyavati; listen. What is Puranas & How Many Puranas are There? This Purana also contains the synopsis of everything. Padma Purana contains totally 55,000 verses4. The Maha Purana is attributed to the sage Vyasa. It will be wonderful to read about the greatness of Lord Vishnu, Lord Shiva and Lord Brahma in all the Puranas. The word Purana literally means "ancient, old", and it is a vast genre of Indian literature about a wide range of topics, particularly legends and other traditional lore. The Matsya Purana is encyclopedic in nature as it covers various topics in length. Narada Purana goes on to list the major rivers of India and places of pilgrimage. That said major portions have been lost to history. Hari is endless, so are his stories. It covers topics such as cosmology, mythology, genealogy, Manvantara (cosmic time cycles), etc. Garuda Purana forms a part of Vaishnavism literature corpus. It’s a Vaishnavism text and centers around Krishna and Radha. There are total 18 Maha Puranas and 18 Upa Puranas. Mahabharata was written to teach the reader the four Purusharthas (goals of life) – Dharma, Artha, Kama, and Moksha. However, in print, there are 108 of them. Kurma Purana is regarded as the most interesting of all the Puranas. It also celebrates sites and temples related to Vishnu, Shiva, Devi, and Surya. The 18 main Puranas have been divided into three categories and have been named after the Deity: Brahma, Vishnu, and Shiva. It also contains the conversation between the Danvantari who is the one who cures the diseases. The Krishna related Hindu traditions have influenced the stories and mythology of Brahmavaivarta Purana. Sûta said :-- “O best of the Munis! Do not include your name, "with regards" etc in the comment. Srimad Bhagavatam teaches us devotional service to the Supreme Lord Vishnu. However, the exact date and author(s) of the Linga Purana are unknown. Vamana Purana weaves in legends and mythology. 0. votes. So, this Purana is a work that carries prophecies regarding the future. It was written by the Romaharshana, a disciple of Vyasa belonging to Suta class. It also has various other topics. Puranas are the most important religious texts in the Bhakti Yoga tradition. The Skanda Purana also contains the Tirtha Mahatmya which proves to be a pilgrimage travel guide. In Brahma Purana, we have the story of Brahma’s sons, Devas and Asuras who are constantly fighting. Garuda Purana includes chapters on the geography of India, its rivers, types of minerals and stones, various diseases and their symptoms, various medicines, astronomy, the basis of Hindu calendar, economy, and duties of a king, politics, and other topics. The following slokas also provides description. However, it has been continuously revised after that. Skanda Purana is the largest Purana among all the 18 Puranas. ©. Sometimes also called Adi Purana, because many Mahapuranas lists put it first of 18. It is believed that its first version was created in the 9th and 11TH century CE. Moreover, all the Goddesses such as Durga, Lakshmi, Saraswati, and Savitri are said to be equivalent and incarnations of Prakriti. There are 17 or 18 canonical Puranas, divided into three categories, each named after a deity: Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva. 4 th century AD. Puranas. Another title for the Brahma Purana is Saura Purana as it contains many chapters related with Surya or the Sun God. The text glorifies feminine through Radha. The Vishnu Purana forms an important part of the Vaishnavism literature corpus. It’s a Tantra related work. In fact, the Puranas are post-Vedic Texts and are regarded as the fifth Veda. They were composed much later than the Vedas which are believed to have been composed about 1500 BC. The myths, lunar calendar schedule, rituals and celebrations of major Hindu cultural festivities such as Holi, Diwali and Durga Puja are in the Puranic literature. Actually Puranas are older than Gupta period i.e. The text is also notable for Adhyatma-Ramayana. It was popularized during the Bhakti movement. The idea of dharma manifests in the Puranas too. a) (i)Vedas: It is derived from ‘Vid’, to know, means knowledge par excellence, sacred wisdom. It has named after the Vamana Avatar of Lord Vishnu, which is the dwarf avatar. This Purana has been named after Skanda who is a son of Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati. It’s a compilation of different parts that have been written in a different era by different authors. This part is related to “prophecy.” The fourth part of the text is called as Uttaraparvan. I am looking to buy purana books with sanskrit to tamil word by word translation,if possible. Shiva Purana focuses on the Hindu God Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati. Garuda Purana describes the theory of “heaven and hell” with “karma and rebirth.”. They also contain genealogies of the kings, heroes, and demigods. 151 6 6 bronze badges. The earliest version of Skanda Purana existed by the 6th Century CE. The title Bhavishya stands for “future.”. Pratisarga – This describes about the recreation of the Gods.3. Indian Vedic scriptures – four Vedas, Upanishads and Puranas. It emphasizes that self-knowledge is the key to liberation. However, it also praises other Gods, as well. Skanda Purana is the largest of the Maha Puranas. Mahabharata is closer to Puranas. The copies of Puranas available now has many controversies and there are different versions for the same puranas. It is a Sanskrit text which discusses the second of the ten major avatars of Lord Vishnu. The text has also been referred to as the Vayaviya Purana or Vayaviya Brahmanda. In: index pages, Manual Google Adds2, Vedic Scriptures Library Tags: Print Email. The text identifies Krishna as the Supreme Reality. Vamsanucarita – This particular subject is the description based on the genealogy of the kings based on the Vamsa. It is one of the major Puranas that has been rendered in Sanskrit. The text also serves as a travel guide and has chapters on geography and pilgrimage on holy sites. Many of them get repeated in various puranas… There are many Puranas and there are even new ones being created to this day. Speaks about Lord Vishnu. However, the text has nothing to do with the Hindu God Brahma. Here, we have shown a list of some of the most popular Upanishads: With this, we have reached the end of this presentation on Puranas. Composed primarily in Sanskrit, but also in Tamil and other Indian languages, several of these texts are named after major Hindu deities such as Vishnu, Shiva, Brahma and Shakti. Kurma Purana – This Purana contains the conversation between the Lord Krishna and the Sun God as mentioned in the Bhagvad Gita. It also includes large Mahatmya sections or travel guide to places such as Mathura and Nepal. The Puranas are known for the intricate layers of symbolism depicted within their stories. The most important ones are found mostly in the concluding part of the Brahmanas and Aranyakas. Brahmavaivarta Purana – It contains the pastimes of Radha and Krishna and also the glories of the Radha and Krishna. Ancient scholars who wanted to update the Puranas included the latest kings which misled the scholars. Puranas are dated to Gupta period by the scholars on the basis of the genealogical tables in them. sargas ca pratisarga cavamsa manvantarani cavamsanu caritam capipuranam panca laksanamThis sloka provides the five different subjects on which the description is made in the puranas. All the Puranas are related to the class of Suhrit-Sammitas or the Friendly Treatises. These Puranas also provides the description on various activities and various Dharmas that are carried out. It includes the Devi Mahatmya within it which salutes the power and magic of Goddess Durga. There are many Puranas and there are even new ones being created to this day. Brahmanda Purana contains totally 12,000 verses. The Shiva Purana contains almost 24,000 verses. The text includes 245 chapters. Narada Purana goes on to discuss various philosophies, soteriology, planets, and astronomy, myths and offers characteristics of major deities such as Vishnu, Shiva, Devi, Rama, Krishna, Lakshmi, and others. Linga Purana – This Purana contains the glory of Gayatri and also stories of Ambarisa. Along with this it also contains the description of Tarsya Kalpa and also the Vishnu Sahasra Nama. how many puranas Edwin Bryant (2007), Krishna : A Sourcebook: A Sourcebook, Oxford University Press. Brahmanda Purana contains as much as 12,000 verses. If this too is difficult to find or unavailable I dont mind sanskrit to english word by word or verse by verse translation.best regardsp.s. However, scholars attribute that Mahabharata is still more Puranic. The Brahmanda Purana includes the Lalita Sahasranama (salutations to the divine Goddess Shakti or Durga). The Puranas are described by the Amarkhosa. In the Linga Purana, you get a description of Yama (disciplines), Niyama (virtues), and Pranayama (breathing techniques). Welcome to the Vedic scriptures library. It also praises Brahma and Shiva and asserts that they are one with Lord Vishnu. Sage Vyasa is known to be the compiler of the Puranas from age to age. 2. For the Puranas and Upapuranas- we get their names in the Devi Bhagavata Purana.There are 18 Puranas and 18 Upapuranas. It discuses Karma and Dharma called as Dharma Samhita. It’s all about philosophy. Many additions, omissions are there in puranas. It is a Sanskrit text and forms one of the major Puranas of Hinduism. So, Puranas have been written by many scholars under a collective name of Vyasa. Linga Purana contains 11,000 verses. There are traditionally 18 Puranas, but there are several different lists of the 18, as well as some lists of more or fewer than 18. It also teaches how best to attain these goals. Mahabharata, the biggest epic of the world runs into hundred thousand slokas. Same purana is available in differnt versions in south India and North India. There are as much as 18 main Puranas and 18 minor Puranas (known as Upapuranas). It is also loaded with theistic elements of bhakti. They also offer much information on what happened in India after the Mahabharata War. It also includes chapters which glorify various Goddesses. They have been created so that any class of men (or women) can take advantage of them and experience the compassion and greatness of God. Matsya Purana narrates the story of Matsya which was the first of the ten major avatars of Lord Vishnu. The Vishnu Purana by H.H. It has been named after the lotus in which creator God Brahma appeared. Varaha Purana contains as much as 24000 verses in 217 chapters. Srimad Bhagavata Purana is regarded as the most popular Maha Purana. It primarily centers on the Hindu God, Lord Vishnu. Linga Purana contains totally 10,000 verses.16. Puranas are surely a treasure and valuable source of information on Hindu religion. Skanda Purana contains totally 81,000 verses. Agni Purana contains 15,400 verses. The Varaha Purana describes the Varaha incarnation of Lord Vishnu in which Lord Vishnu rescues the Earth at the time of the great flood. Each of these have their local versions and variations. Some of its texts have borrowed from other Indian texts such as Brihat Samhita and Shamba Purana. 5. The third part is known as Pratisargaparvan. We hope that you would like to begin your religious journey with one of the Puranas. The biggest highlight of this Purana is the fact that it is rare that you read any deity being invoked nor you find any deity prayers in the text. Varaha Purana contains totally 24,000 verses.6. It forms part of the Shaivism literature corpus. In their perpetual struggle of existence, human beings have forgotten their relationship with God and are overly attached to material sense gratification from time immemorial. It contains over 81,000 verses. This also describes about the Lakshmi Kalpa. It offers encyclopedic information about the geography of Mithila, cultural history, mythology, cosmology, politics, education system, taxation theories, iconography, diplomacy, local laws, medicine, Vastu Shastra, gemology, grammar, trees and plants, metrics, rituals, food, poetry, and various other topics. So, Mahabharata is not related to Vedas at all. Bhagavata Purana – Bhagavata Purana also explains about Lord Vishnu.Bhagavata Purana contains totally 18,000 verses.Puranas of Lord Brahma (Rajo Guna):7. The Bhagavata Purana preaches the practice of Bhakti Yoga. 8. We hope that it serves as a valuable source of information for you. It contains narratives of heroes and demigods and even the genealogies of the kings. It also includes sections on Shiva and Shakti. The title Markandeya refers to an ancient sage in Hindu mythology. It covers cosmogony, mythology, genealogy, Dharma, festivals, gemology, festivals, temples, theology, and discusses virtues and evil. Moreover, Markandeya Purana is a central text related with Shaktism tradition. Wilson  A primary text of the Vaishnava branch of Hinduism, and one of the canonical Puranas of the Vishnu category. Garuda Purana goes on to narrate the dialog that occurred between Lord Vishnu and Garuda, the King of Birds. Together they contain over 400,000 verses (slokas). It is one of the earliest composed Puranas. In fact, there are five characteristic features of Maha Puranas. The Matsya Purana contains 14,000 verses. All in all, Puranas endeavor to re-establish the eternal relation of living beings with God. Digital Marketing by SpiderWorks Technologies, Kochi - India. The second part of the text is called Madhyamaparvan. The 18 principal surviving Puranas are grouped according to whether they exalt Vishnu, Shiva, or Brahma. And 126 adhyāyas ( chapters ) key to liberation to history telling of ’. Character in two legends, one of the major Maha Puranas of the most popular Maha is. 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