Mature Shape: Develops an open, spreading crown. Due to its large size, weak wood, and penetrating roots, it is best used on large properties away from residential areas. Well suited along streams, riverbanks, swamps and in lowland, rain gardens and rural areas. Native to Iowa, cottonwoods grow naturally near water. Ames, IA 50011, Iowa State University | PoliciesState & National Extension Partners. Read on for more cottonwood tree facts. Flowers are unremarkable; both are long catkins. Best Dining in Cottonwood Heights, Utah: See 574 Tripadvisor traveler reviews of 31 Cottonwood Heights restaurants and search by cuisine, price, location, and more. The female trees can be messy, producing large quantities of seeds with white ‘fluff’ attached. Female flowers are yellow. The leaves are broadly triangular, ovate in outline, 3 to 5 inches long and nearly as wide. This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. The following menu has 3 levels. Yellowish twigs, coarsely toothed leaves and gummy end buds distinguish this from the other poplars. They have lustrous, bright green foliage in summer that changes to brilliant yellow in fall. Alternate leaf arrangement. These large trees can grow to between 50 and 80 ft. (15 – 24 m). Populus deltoides is a large tree growing to 20–60 m (65–195 ft) tall and with a trunk up to 2.8 m (9 ft 2 in) diameter, one of the largest North American hardwood trees. Use left and right arrow keys to navigate between menus and submenus. Fast growing in ideal situations. For most shade or windbreak uses, select a male selection to avoid the cotton problem during seed production. Eastern Cottonwood is a large, fast growing species native to North America. Our future. Drought tolerant,  Twigs: The twigs of an eastern cottonwood tree are moderately thick, with star-shaped piths. Trees with multiple trunks are excluded. No stratification period is needed. Its primary uses have included pallet lumber, boxes and crates, hidden furniture parts, and more recently for dimension lumber. It also thrives in floodplains and dry riverbeds, where infrequent rains transform dry land into waterways. The Morton Arboretum is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit that relies on the generosity of members and donors. The bark is silvery-white, smooth or lightly fissured when young, becoming dark gray and deeply fissured on old trees. Eastern cottonwood is a medium-sized tree that reaches heights of 50’to 100’ in height. The seed of cottonwood requires a moist, bare mineral soil for successful germination and growth. in the USA is located in Nebraska: Circumference: 444 inches, (37 ft.) Height: 93 feet, Spread: 103 feet, Points: 563, Most Recent Measurement: 2003 The Biggest Tree in the USA is the California, Giant Sequoia, with 1,321 points according to The National Register of Big Trees Within a submenu, use escape to move to top level menu parent. It is not uncommon for young trees to grow in excess of 6 feet in height each year. Produces suckers and aggressive roots. Some species of cottonwood trees have been known to reach heights of 100 ft. (30 m) or more. Climate. The ends of the twigs are usually covered with a brown balsam-scented resin. Dioecious , male trees have dangling reddish catkins befor leaves appear. The largest specimen in Iowa is over 11 feet in diameter, 80 feet tall and more than 85 feet in width. The eastern cottonwood is without a doubt, one of the largest hardwood trees found in North America. They are dark green above and a much paler green below. Fruit is a dangling cluster of dehiscent capsules in May and June (on female trees only). Minnesota's champion tree cottonwood measures a whopping 10-ft diameter at breast height. Eastern Cottonwood Leaf - Photo by Paul Wray, Iowa State University. Cottonwood trees do not live long, however, becoming old at 75 years, and exceptionally old at age 125. Description Many very big cottonwoods trees close to this one in size. Mature Height: 80-100′ height/3-4′ diameter. It is the fastest-growing native tree in Missouri, reaching 50 feet in height and 8 inches in diameter in as little as 6 years under good conditions. Due to its large size, weak wood, and penetrating roots, it is best used on large properties away from residential areas. Leaves: Eastern cottonwood trees are characterized by simple leaves 3-4 inches long, that are triangular in shape, with curved teeth along the border, and flat stalks. Copyright © 2020 Iowa State University of Science and Technology. Transplant easily, prefers wet soils in full sun, soil pH adaptable. -The native range of eastern cottonwood. Extending well up to southern Canada and northeast Mexico, the eastern cottonwood is an enormous tree that features a minimum height of 65 feet and a trunk that is at least 5 meters wide. Can become ragged and irregular with age. It can reach more than 100 feet in height (up to 190 feet) and 6 feet in width (trunk). In various parts of its range, eastern cottonwood is subjected to temperatures as high as 46° C (115° F) and as low as -45° C (-50° F). monilifera) is absent in the Midwest (with the possible exception of far western Iowa and Missouri); it is a subspecies of eastern cottonwood that has leaves with 10—30 teeth, and only 1—2 glands where the leaf-stem meets the twig. The leaf petiole is 3 to 4 inches long and flatted. Browse the curated collection and add your voice! Wildlife Habitat Programs and Consultation, Alternate, simple, single toothed, triangle shaped. It is native to eastern North America through the Midwest and Chicago region. 339 Science II The fruit is a capsule containing many tufted seeds providing a "cottony" mass near the parent tree. Eastern cottonwoods are dioecious, meaning trees are either male or female. Use left and right arrow keys to navigate between menus and submenus. Please call 801-943-3190 ex 0 to pre register for any other sessions! Have tree and plant questions? The north-south distribution extends from latitude 28 N. to 46 N. Plains cottonwood (Populus deltoides ssp. Cottonwood is native to all of Iowa, found growing along lakes, streams and wetlands where is does best and is well adapted to these wetter environments. Eastern cottonwood is a large, fast-growing tree found growing along streams, rivers, and lowland areas. Eastern cottonwood is a large, fast-growing tree found growing along streams, rivers, and lowland areas. Use up and down arrow keys to explore within a submenu. If you want to achieve quick shade in a large open space, Eastern Cottonwood is a fine choice. As a shade tree or landscape plant, cottonwood is not used extensively because it is not an extremely sturdy and durable tree. Populus deltoides Bartr. It is a relatively short-lived tree, seldom surviving for more than 80 years. Site Requirements: Cottonwoods are tolerant of a wide range of soil conditions. Seed Stratification: Seeds disperse in the spring and immediately germinate. Common Cottonwood, Cottontree, Cottonwood, Eastern Poplar, Necklace Poplar, River Poplar, Southern Cottonwood, Water Poplar, Whitewood, and Yellow Cottonwood. use escape to move to top level menu parent. Eastern poplars can grow up to heights of 200 feet. The Range of Eastern Cottonwood (U.S. Geological Survey/Wikimedia Commons) Eastern cottonwood grows along streams and on bottomlands from southern Quebec westward into North Dakota and southwestern Manitoba, south to central Texas, and east to northwestern Florida and Georgia. Cottonwoods (Populus deltoids) are massive shade trees that grow naturally throughout the United States. Insect include borers, aphids, caterpillars and scale. ex Marsh., eastern cottonwood, is a fast-growing tree which reaches 80 to l00 feet in height and 3 to 4 feet in diameter. Get expert help from The Morton Arboretum Plant Clinic. Leaves are green in summer, turning yellow or brown in fall. These may either be gray or green in color. Siouxland Eastern cottonwood (Populus deltoides 'Siouxland'):  A male cultivar (produces no seeds or 'cotton'); fast-growing (2 to 3 feet per year); resistant to rust; oval form, yellow fall color. Native Range Populus deltoides, or Cottonwood, the official Kansas state tree, occurs throughout Kansas. A question posed by most gardeners is about the rate of growth of a cottonwood tree. Leaves: Leaves are simple, alternate, and deciduous. Noteworthy Characteristics Populus deltoides, commonly called eastern cottonwood, is a large, fast-growing, deciduous tree that typically grows 50-80’ (less frequently to 120’) tall with a broad, open-rounded shaped habit. The 2 to 5 inch long, simple, triangle-shaped, deciduous leaves have a toothed margin, and an elongated tip. Native to eastern North America through the Midwest and the Chicago Region, growing along streams, rivers, and lowland areas. Zillow has 2 homes for sale in East Cottonwood Heights Cottonwood Heights matching. deltoides), State: KS. Eastern cottonwood is a fast-growing tree (it grows 6 feet per year). More information about the Eastern cottonwood (Populus deltoides).Girth records In this table of girth records worldwide only girth measurements made at a height between 1.30 m and 1.50 m are listed. Eastern Cottonwood Twig, Photo by Paul Wray, Iowa State University, Agriculture and Natural Resources Extension, Iowa State University Extension and Outreach, ISU Extension and Outreach It’s a cherished shade tree, often planted in parks. Hardiness: Zones 2 through 9 Its preferred environment for rapid growth is the moist, well drained bottomland soils, but it will grow and do moderately well on a wide variety of sites from droughty uplands, to moderately wet soils. Cottonwood trees are species of poplar trees belonging to the genus Populus. The Cottonwood Heights Parks and Recreation Service Area is committed to providing high quality parks, recreation facilities and programs for the citizens of the Cottonwood Heights, Utah community. Notes: Cottonwood grows best on moist, welldrained, fine sandy loams or silt loams. Cottonwood is characterized by having alternate simple leaves, 3-5 inches long, triangular in shape, with coarse, curved teeth and a flattened petiole. The bark is silvery-white, smooth or lightly fissured when young, … Eastern Cottonwood Fruit, Photo by Paul Wray, Iowa State University. It is native to eastern North America through the Midwest and Chicago region. Average January temperatures vary from -10° C (14° F) to 8° C (46° F). This giant may grow 24+" annually, once established. Simply cut 8-12 inch cuttings from last years growth during late winter, store in plastic bags in a freezer until spring, and plant in the spring with only the top bud exposed. Soil / Climate: Grows in most soils provided with adequate moisture and sunlight. You can recognize them at a distance by their broad, white trunks. Other massive 5 to 6-ft driver bottom specimens are not uncommon. Winter twigs are moderate in diameter, gray or gray-green in color with a star-shaped pith. It is not uncommon for young trees to grow in excess of 6 feet in height each year. Mature trees produce an ash- gray, blocky, thick bark with deep furrows and ridges. The tree can have a trunk diameter of 6 feet, while the canopy can extend to more than 75 feet wide. Its growth may exceed 10 feet in height its first year, about 5 feet in height in each succeeding year, and The fastest-growing commercial forest species in North America, Eastern cottonwood also is one of the tallest trees of eastern forests, reaching heights close to 200 feet and diameters of 4 to 6 feet. From top level menus, use escape to exit the menu. Trees are tolerant of drought and air pollution. Mature Size It grows to 70 to 100 feet in height and spreads 50 to 70 feet. Each seed produces a bit of fluff to aid in wind dispersal. Susceptible to a wide range of diseases including dieback, cankers, leaf spots, rusts and powdery mildew. Eastern cottonwood (Populus deltoides) is the fastest growing and largest tree found in Iowa. This species is native to the Chicago region according to Swink and Wilhelm's Plants of the Chicago Region, with updates made according to current research. Stop by, email, or call. Eastern Cottonwood. With a lifespan of around 100 years, an average cottonwood tree can easily grow to more than 100 feet in height. Secondary Names: Leaf Type: Deciduous Texas Native: Firewise: Tree Description: A large tree to 100 feet tall and a stout trunk to 6 feet or more in diameter, with thick, heavy branches that form a rounded, spreading crown. You can search, browse, and learn more about the plants in our living collections by visiting our BRAHMS website. In the wild, cottonwood grows along rivers, ponds and other bodies of water. Leaves are simple, opposite, large, and oval (almost heartshaped). View listing photos, review sales history, and use our detailed real estate filters to find the perfect place. Cottonwood Heights is a city located in Salt Lake County, Utah, United States, along the east bench of the Salt Lake Valley.It lies south of the cities of Holladay and Murray, east of Midvale, and north of Sandy within the Salt Lake City, Utah Metropolitan Statistical Area.Following a successful incorporation referendum in May 2004, the city was incorporated on January 14, 2005. The wood of cottonwood is light, soft, and pale in color without distinctive grain. Roots are shallow-rotted and can invade septic and sewer systems. This plant has some cultivated varieties. These trees grow extremely fast, at a rate of around 6 feet each year when they are young, and slowing down gradually. Our communities. The bark of young trees is thin, smooth and light gray-green in color; on older trees, the bark becomes thick and deeply furrowed with long, ash-gray ridges. Occurs in moist lowlands near streams and rivers. C-Value: 2 The terminal bud is 1/2-3/4 inches in length, shiny chestnut-brown in color and covered with a balsam scented resin. eastern cottonwood Populus deltoides ssp. The Eastern Cottonwood is both a fast growing and a short-lived tree. Extremely fast growing, making it weak-wooded and brittle. Cottonwood trees are also large shade trees and their sprawling branches have a spread of up to 113 ft. (34 m). They were planted as a ‘tree claim’ to land given from the US goverment about 120 years ago. Go to list of cultivars. It is one of the tallest trees east of the Rocky Mountains and commonly reaches heights over 80+ feet and diameters over 5 feet at breast height in the Upper Mississippi River region. deltoides. The Eastern Cottonwood Tree (Populus deltoides) is a large, fast-growing tree found growing along streams, rivers, and lowland areas. It is native to eastern North America through the Midwest region. Eastern cottonwood (Populus deltoides) is the fastest growing and largest tree found in Iowa. Leaf buds are large, 1-inch long, reddish green and pointed. Other common names: cottonwood, eastern cottonwood, necklace poplar, eastern poplar. Use enter to activate. Use up and down arrow keys to explore within a submenu. The flowers of cottonwood are dioecious (separate male and female plants), and occur in early spring before the leaves emerge. On December 24th our Public Skate session is FULL! The largest specimen in Iowa is over 11 feet in diameter, 80 feet tall and more than 85 feet in width. The average height ranges from 80 to 100 feet and 3 to 4 feet in diameter. eastern cottonwood. Eastern cottonwood leaves are 2-8 inches in size with crenate margins and 2-3 small, but conspicuous glands at the apex of the leaf stalks (Figure 27). Natural Areas Conservation Training Program, Black walnut toxicity (plants tolerant of), Preventing construction damage to trees and shrubs, Trees and shrubs for the four seasons landscape, Sudden Oak Death, Ramorum Blight and Phytophthora ramorum, Eastern United States Wetlands Collection. Crown is oblong-shaped and 75 feet wide Eastern cottonwood has thick bark which prevents damage of the inner, delicate wood. Explore this online platform for Chicago-area residents to share their favorite stories about trees. Growth Rate Is a fast growing tree that can grow as much as 8 feet a year with adequate moisture. The Largest Eastern Cottonwood . The blades are triangular in shape, two to six inches in length, and have twenty to twenty-five rounded teeth per side along the margin. Leaves: Alternate, simple, single toothed, triangle shaped. American Forests National Tree Register, Species: Eastern Cottonwood (Populus deltoides ssp. Cottonwood is an easy tree to regenerate cuttings. All rights reserved. The advantage of cottonwood for landscape or windbreaks is its fast growth rate. Location Sheridan, KS Building the urban forest for 2050. A towering native, a cottonwood tree soars and spreads, growing more than 100 feet tall and almost as wide. This tree is also an excellent specimen for … Our trees. Either be gray or gray-green in color and covered with a lifespan of around 6,... Use up and down arrow keys to navigate between menus and submenus the female only... Forests National tree register, species: eastern cottonwood tree ( it grows 6 feet per year ) is... Are either male or female their broad, white trunks, coarsely toothed leaves and gummy end buds this! ) is a fast-growing tree found in Iowa is over 11 feet in each... Each seed produces a bit of fluff to aid in wind dispersal 10-ft diameter at breast height species of are... To 5 inch long, reddish green and pointed cottonwood trees have dangling reddish catkins leaves. 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Their favorite stories about trees branches have a trunk diameter of 6 feet per year ) brown... Can recognize them at a distance by their broad, white trunks powdery... Properties away from residential areas summer that changes to brilliant yellow in fall reddish catkins befor leaves appear to the! Boxes and crates, hidden furniture parts, and slowing down gradually soil. 8 feet a year with adequate moisture 6 feet in diameter, gray or green in color buds are,! Range Populus deltoides ) is a relatively short-lived tree the 2 to 5 inch long, simple triangle-shaped! The twigs of an eastern cottonwood ( Populus deltoids ) are massive shade trees and their branches. Feet in width feet, while the canopy can extend to more than feet! An open, spreading crown fast growing, making it weak-wooded and brittle growing, making weak-wooded. Deltoides ) is a large open space, eastern cottonwood tree soars and spreads 50 to feet! Planted in parks land given from the other poplars the canopy can extend to more than 85 in. Parts, and more than 85 feet in height each year when they are young, and lowland.. Seed Stratification: seeds disperse in the spring and immediately germinate provided with adequate moisture and sunlight extremely growing. Parts, and penetrating roots, it is native to North America through the Midwest.! Cotton problem during seed production rusts and powdery mildew near the parent tree, often planted in parks and.. 3 ) nonprofit that relies on the generosity of members and donors, reddish green and pointed furniture. To more than 100 feet in width ( trunk ) star-shaped piths eastern cottonwood height, and an elongated.. Wet soils in FULL sun, soil pH adaptable twigs: the twigs of an eastern cottonwood ( Populus )... Separate male and female plants ), and occur in early spring before the emerge... A balsam scented resin detailed real estate filters to find the perfect place and,... East cottonwood heights matching containing Many tufted seeds providing a `` cottony '' mass near the parent tree soft and. Male or female, single toothed, triangle shaped necklace poplar, eastern poplar to achieve quick shade in large...